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Relative Momentum Index (RMI)

The Relative Momentum Index was developed by Roger Altman. It was first introduced in the February 1993 issue of Technical Analysis of Stocks & Commodities magazine. The RMI is a variation of the RSI indicator. The RMI counts up and down days from the close relative to the close x-days ago (where x is not limited to 1 as is required by the RSI) instead of counting up and down days from close to close as the RSI does.

Note that an RMI with parameters of C, 14, 1 is equivalent to a 14 period RSI of the Close price. This is because the momentum parameter is calculating only a 1-day price change (which the RSI does by default). As the momentum periods are increased the RMI fluctuations become smoother.

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Interpretation

Since the RMI is an oscillator it exhibits the same strengths and weaknesses of other overbought / oversold indicators. During strong trending markets it is likely that the RMI will remain at overbought or oversold levels for an extended period of time. However, during non-trending markets the RMI tends to oscillate more predictably between an overbought level of 70 to 90 and an oversold level of 10 to 30.

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